THE EFFECTIVENESS OF HEALTH EDUCATION ON SANDSTONE CRAFTSMAN’S KNOWLEDGE AND ATTITUDE ABOUT OCCUPATIONAL LUNG DISEASE PREVENTION
AbstractBackground: The activity of the sandstone home industry has a high risk of occupational lung disease, namely silicosis with exposure to respirable dust that contains silica below 2.5 microns. The craftsmen of the sandstone home industry must have good knowledge and attitudes in order to apply occupational lung disease prevention. Objectives: The purpose of this research was to determine the effectiveness of health education on the level of knowledge and attitude of sandstone craftsmen about occupational lung disease prevention. Methods: The research design used in this study was pre-experimental with a one-group pre-posttest design approach. This research was conducted in the sandstone home industry, Gamping Village, Tulungagung from June until July 2021. The sampling technique was total sampling with a number of samples were 20 respondents. This study used health education materials about occupational lung disease prevention for the treatment given and a modified questionnaire from Rahmania (2011) with a significance of validity for the knowledge and attitude instrument were α < 0.05 and Cronbach Alpha values for knowledge and attitudes respectively 0.680 and 0.70. This research was conducted by providing health education to respondents about occupational lung disease prevention. Before and after the health education was carried out, the researcher conducted a pre-posttest to measure and evaluate the respondents' level of knowledge and attitude about occupational lung disease prevention. The statistical test carried out in this study was the Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test with a significant level α < 0.05. Results: Based on the data analysis by using the Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test, there was an effect of health education about occupational lung disease prevention on the level of sandstone craftsmen’s knowledge (p-value = 0.000) and attitude (p-value = 0.000). Conclusion: It is important to provide health education about the health effect of sandstone dust and the prevention so that craftsmen have a good knowledge and attitudes in implementing to prevent of occupational lung diseases. Health education or counseling needs to be provided by health workers periodically.
Andriyadi Y., Rahman W., Arini D., Nisya L., Setyowati D. (2019). The Effect of Health Education about PJAS and PHBS on Students Grade V SDN 001 Sungai Kunjang, Samarinda. Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development. Vol. 10 (3), p. 683-688
Azwar S. (2003). Sikap Manusia: Teori dan Pengukurannya. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar
Clark N.M., Bailey W.C., Cynthia. (1998). Advances in Prevention and Education in Lung Disease. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. Vol. 157(4). p 155-167
Hamilton R.F., Thakur S.A., Holian A. (2008). Silica Binding and Toxicity in Alveolar Macrophages. Free Radic, Biol, Med. Vol. 44, p. 1246-1258.
Ilmiawati C, Reza M, Russilawati, (2017). Edukasi Pencegahan Penyakit Paru Akibat Paparan Debu Silika Pada Pengrajin Batu Akik di Kota Padang. Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat. Vol. 1(1), p. 1-10
Meutia, Rochadi K., Syahrial E. (2020). Film and Slide Show Media Education in Improving Students Knowledge and Attitudes About Drugs at SMUN 1 Peureulak. International Archives of Medical Sciences and Public Health. Vol. 1(2). P. 73-85
Notoatmodjo S. (2010). Promosi Kesehatan Teori dan Aplikasi. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta
Rahmania N.E.N,. (2011). Predisposing, Enabling dan Reinforcing Factors dalam Penerapan Standard Precaution Infeksi Nosokomial Pada Perawat (Studi di Instalasi Rawat Inap Rumah Sakit Delta Surya Sidoarjo). Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Airlangga
Sahuri, Arasy, (2021). Efektivitas Program Penyuluhan Penggunaan Alat Pelindung Diri (APD) pada Petani Bawang Merah saat Pemberian Pestisida di Desa Tegalglagah. Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan. Vol. 20, No. 3, p. 112
Sujarweni, Wiratna. (2014). Metodologi Penelitian : Lengkap, praktis, dan mudah dipahami. Yogyakarta: PT Pustaka Baru
Suryani D, Rizal A, Eliana, Darwis, Anggraini W, Pratiwi BA, Yandrizal. (2019). The Effect of Counseling on Improving Knowledge, Attitude, and Behavior in Efforts to Prevent and Control Non-Communicable Diseases. Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat. Vol. 14(3), p. 297-302
Syuhada AD, Budiman, Syarifah W, Haryani L. (2022). Effectiveness of Health Promotion on the Prevention of COVID-19 in the Blacksmith Industry in Aceh Province. The 4th Inertnational Seminar on Global Health. Vol. 2022, p. 151-160
Yulianti A, Lintjewas L, Erlangga BD, Herawan W, (2016). Karakteristik Batupasir Kuarsa Gunung Walat dan Potensinya Sebagai Bahan Baku Geomaterial. Prosiding Geotek Expo Puslit Geoteknologi LIPI, ISBN:978-979-8636-32-5.
Copyright (c) 2022 Nima Eka Nur Rahmania
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with Nurse and Health: Jurnal Keperawatan agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 (CC BY-NC 4.0), which allows others to remix, tweak, and build upon the authors' work non-commercially, and although the others' new works must also acknowledge the authors and be non-commercial, they don't have to license their derivative works on the same terms.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access). Authors can archive pre-print and post-print or publisher's version/PDF.