THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN FAMILY CHARACTERISTICS WITH STUNTING INCIDENCE IN WORKING AREA OF PADANG SERAI PUBLIC HEALTH CENTER
AbstractBackground: Under-fives who have stunting have a risk of decreased intellectual ability, productivity, and increased risk of degenerative diseases in the future (Anugraheni & Kartasurya, 2012). Objective: to examine the relationship between family characteristics with stunting incidence of under five children who visited the Integrated Healthcare Center (Posyandu) in working area of Padang Serai Public Health Center (Puskesmas) of Bengkulu City. Methods: this study was conducted in June, 2016. The type of the study was Analytical Survey and the design was Cross Sectional. Sample was under five children aged 0-59 months (stunted and non-stunted) who visited the Integrated Healthcare Center in working area of Padang Serai Public Health Center of Bengkulu City with their mothers. The sampling technique was Accidental Sampling and the sample total was 92 under five children. The data were primary and secondary data. The primary data were length or height, age of children, and family characteristics (education and knowledge of mothers, number of family, income rate of household heads). The secondary data was collected from Health Department and Integrated Healthcare Center. The data was analyzed with univariate and bivariate analysis. Bivariate analysis used Chi-Square (χ2) test. Results: The prevalence of stunting incidence was 27.17%, no relationship between family characteristics [height of mother (p=0.054), education of mother (p=0.857), knowledge of mother (p=1.000), total of family members (p=0.934), and income rate of household head (p=1.000)] with stunting incidence of under five children who visited the Integrated Healthcare Center in working area of Padang Serai Public Health Center of Bengkulu City.Conclusion: Padang Serai Public Health Center should be able to overcome the stunting problem by doing more intensive nutrition program for the fertile women, pregnant, and lactating women, under five children, and also socialization of the nutritional status of stunting to the community. Keywords: Family Characteristics, Stunting, Under Five Children.
Addo, O.Y., Stein, A.D., Fall, C.H., Gigante, D.P., Guntupalli, A.M., Horta, B.L. & Martorel, R. (2013). Maternal height and child growth patterns. The Journal of Pediatrics, 163, 549-554.
Andarwati, D. (2007). Faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan status gizi balita pada keluarga petani di desa Purwojati kecamatan Kertek kabupaten Wonosobo. (Tesis). Fakultas Ilmu Keolahragaan, Universitas Negeri Semarang. Semarang, Indonesia.
Anugraheni, H.S., & Kartasurya, M.I. (2012). Faktor risiko kejadian stunting pada anak usia 12-36 bulan di kecamatan Pati, kabupaten Pati. Journal of Nutrition College, 1(1), 30-37.
Atmarita & Falah, TS. (2004). Analisis Situasi Gizi dan Kesehatan Masyarakat. Dalam Soekirman et al. (Eds.), Ketahanan Pangan dan Gizi di Era Otonomi Daerahdan Globalisasi. Prosiding Widya Karya Nasional Pangan dan Gizi, 8, 129-161.
Dinkes Kota Bengkulu. (2014). Pemantauan Penilaian Status Gizi Balita Berdasarkan TB/U Kota Bengkulu Tahun 2013. Kota Bengkulu: Dinkes Kota Bengkulu.
Fernald, L.C. & Neufeld, L.M. (2007). Overweight with concurrent stunting in very young children from Rural Mexico: prevalence and associated factors. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 61(5), 623-632.
Henningham, H.B. & Mc Gregor, S.G. (2009). Gizi kesehatan masyarakat, gizi dan perkembangan anak. Jakarta: Penerbit Buku Kedokteran EGC. Terjemahan Public Health Nutrition, Editor. Gibney, M.J, Margetts, B.M, Kearney, J.M & Arab, L. Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford.
Kemenkes RI. (2013). Riset kesehatan dasar (RISKESDAS) 2013. Jakarta: Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan Kemenkes RI.
Lestari, W., Margawati, A., & Rahfiludin, Z. (2014). Faktor risiko stunting pada anak umur 6-24 bulan di kecamatan Penanggalan kota Subussalam Provinsi Aceh. Jurnal Gizi Indonesia, 3(1), 37-45.
Mahgoub, S.E.O., Nnyepi, M., & Mahgoup, T.B. (2006). Factor affecting prevalence of malnutrition among children under three years old age in Botswana. African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development, 6 (1), 1-15.
Manary, M.J., & Solomons, N.W. (2009). Gizi kesehatan masyarakat, gizi dan perkembangan anak. Jakarta: Penerbit Buku Kedokteran EGC. Terjemahan Public Health Nutrition, Editor. Gibney, M.J, Margetts, B.M, Kearney, J.M & Arab, L. Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford.
Martorell, R., & Zongrone A. (2012). Intergenerational influences on child growth and undernutrition. Paediatric Perinatal Epidemiology, 26 (Suppl 1), 302-314.
Munthofiah, S. (2008). Hubungan antara pengetahuan, sikap, dan perilaku ibu dengan status gizi anak balita. (Thesis). Program Studi Kedokteran Keluarga Universitas Sebelas Maret. Surakarta, Indonesia.
Nadiyah, Briawan, D., & Martianto, D. (2014). Faktor risiko stunting pada anak usia 0-23 bulan di Provinsi Bali, Jawa Barat, dan Nusa Tenggara Timur. Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan, 9 (2), 125-132.
Nasikhah, R. & Margawati, A. (2012). Faktor risiko kejadian stunting pada balita usia 24-36 bulan di kecamatan Semarang Timur. Journal of Nutrition College, 1(1), 76-184.
Onis, M.D., & Blossner, M. (1997). WHO global data base on child growth and malnutrition. Geneva, Switzerland: WHO.
Purwandini, K., & Kartasurya, M.I. (2013). Pengaruh pemberian mikronutrient sprinkle terhadap perkembangan motorik anak stunting usia 12-36 bulan. Journal of Nutrition College, 2 (1), 50-59.
Rahayu, A.& Khairiyati, L. (2014). Risiko pendidikan ibu terhadap kejadian stunting pada anak 6-23 bulan. Jurnal Penelitian Gizi dan Makanan, 37 (1), 129-136.
Ramli, Agho, K.E., Inder, K.J., Bowe, S.J, Jacobs, J., & Dibley, M.J. (2009). Prevalence and risk factors for stunting and severe stunting among under-fives in North Maluku Province of Indonesia. BMC Pediatrics, 9, 64-73.
Ruel, M.T. (2008). Addressing the underlying determinants of undernutrition: Examples of successful integration of nutrition in poverty-reduction and agriculture strategies, 21-29. In SCN News No.36.
Schmidt, M.K., Muslimatun, S., West, C.E., Schultink, W, Gross, R., & Hautvast, J.G.A.J. (2002). Nutritional status and linear growth of Indonesian infants in West Java are determined more by prenatal environment than by postnatal factors. The Jour¬nal of Nutrition. 132 (8), 2202-2207.
Semba, R.D., de Pee S., Sun, K., Sari, M., Akhter, N., & Bloem, M.W. (2008). Effect of parental formal education on risk of child stunting in Indonesia and Bangladesh: A cross-sectional study. The Lancet, 371, 322–328.
Ulfani, D.H., Martianto, D., & Baliwati, Y.F. (2011). Faktor-faktor sosial ekonomi dan kesehatan masyarakat kaitannya dengan masalah gizi underwight, stunted, dan wasted di Indonesia: Pendekatan ekologi gizi. Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan, 6 (1), 59-65.
UNICEF. (1990). Strategy for improved nutrition of children and women in developing countries. policy review paper E/ICEF/1990/1.6, UNICEF: New York.
UNSCN. (2008). 6th Report on the world nutrition situation: Progress in nutrition. Geneva, Switzerland: UNSCN.
WHO. (2016). Growth reference 5-19 years. Geneva, Switzerland: WHO. Retrieved from https://www.who.int/growthref/tools/en/
WHO. (2011). World health statistik 2011. Geneva: WHO.
WHO. (2010). Nutrition Landscape Information System (NLIS) Country Profile Indicators: Interpretation Guide. Geneva, Switzerland: WHO Press.
WHO. (1997). WHO Global Data Base on Child growth and Mal Nutrition. Geneva, Switzerland: WHO.
World Bank. (2006). Repositioning Nutrition as Central to Development. A Strategy for Large-Scale Action. Washington DC: World Bank.
Authors who publish with Nurse and Health: Jurnal Keperawatan agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 (CC BY-NC 4.0), which allows others to remix, tweak, and build upon the authors' work non-commercially, and although the others' new works must also acknowledge the authors and be non-commercial, they don't have to license their derivative works on the same terms.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access). Authors can archive pre-print and post-print or publisher's version/PDF.