THE EFFECT OF BAY LEAF GARLIC DECOCTIONON ON LOW CHOLINESTERASE LEVELS DUE TO PESTICIDE EXPOSURE IN FARMERS IN PASURUAN

  • Mukhammad Toha Universitas Jember
  • Ida Zuhroidah Universitas Jember
  • Mokh Sujarwadi Universitas Jember
Keywords: Farmers, Pesticides, Garlic, Bay leaves

Abstract

Background: Pesticides are chemicals used by farmers to control and kill pests and diseases. Pesticides can poison humans, although their main use is to control and kill agricultural pests. Pesticide poisoning is still a problem that often occurs in society. Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of garlic and bay leaf decoction in increasing cholinesterase levels of farmers exposed to pesticides in Pasuruan Raya. Methods: The design of this study was a pre-experimental, one-group pretest-posttest with a population of rice processing farmers in Pasuruan Raya. The sample size used was 20 farmers taken by purposive sampling. The independent variable was the administration of a decoction of garlic and bay leaf for fifteen days, the dependent variable was the level of cholinesterase in the blood. Data were analyzed using paired sample t test. Conclusion: The use of garlic and bay leaf decoction in this study is a complementary therapy given to farmers as a regulator of reducing cholinesterase levels which is an indicator of the accumulation of pesticides in the body. It is expected to be an effective and efficient solution. it is hoped that farmers will be able to independently maintain their health through smart techniques in utilizing local wisdom resources by cultivating materials, managing, preparing and processing natural materials into medicines that can be done independently, not only able to improve health status but also provide opportunities for development into business ventures creative economy that can increase income and economic welfare.  

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Baeda, Abd. Gani. 2022. Buku Ajar Gizi Dan Diet Untuk Pendidikan Vokasi Keperawatan. Edited by Riski Wahyu Susanti. 1st ed. Banyumas: PT. Pena Persada Kerta Utama. https://books.google.co.id/books?id=Gl68EAAAQBAJ&pg=PR2&dq=Baeda+Abd.Gani+(2022)+Buku+Ajar+Gizi+dan+Diet+untuk+Pendidikan+Vokasi+Keperawatan,+Purwokerto:+Pena+Persada+Kerta+Utama,.&hl=id&newbks=1&newbks_redir=0&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwi06tLble7_AhUdUGwGHXlJDugQuw.

Berniyanti, Titiek. 2020. Biomarker Toksisitas: Paparan Logam Tingkat Molekuler. Airlangga University Press. http://repository.unair.ac.id/id/eprint/86164.

Borek, Carmia. 2001. “Antioxidant Health Effects of Aged Garlic Extract.” The Journal of Nutrition 131 (3): 1010S-1015S. https://doi.org/10.1093/jn/131.3.1010S. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/jn/131.3.1010S

BPS Kabupaten Pasuruan. 2022. “Kabupaten Pasuruan Dalam Angka 2022.” https://pasuruankab.bps.go.id/publication/2022/02/25/0836f4c232ea044ec9b1fbe5/kabupaten-pasuruan-dalam-angka-2022.

Brajawikalpa, Rama Samara, and Mirella Gresyalli Kautama. 2016. “Pengaruh Pemberian Ekstrak Etanol Bawang Putih Terhadap Kadar Kolesterol Total, LDL Dan HDL Pada Tikus Putih Hiperkolesterol.” Tunas Medika Jurnal Kedokteran & Kesehatan 3 (3). https://jurnal.ugj.ac.id/index.php/tumed/article/view/288.

Fajriani, Gita Nur, Suci Rizki Nurul Aeni, and Viky Cahyo Handoko. 2019. “Hubungan Masa Kerja Dengan Kadar Kolinesterase Dalam Darah Petani Di Desa Pasirhalang, Cisarua, Kabupaten Bandung Barat.” Klinikal Sains : Jurnal Analis Kesehatan 7 (2): 60–67. https://doi.org/10.36341/klinikal_sains.v7i2.1035. DOI: https://doi.org/10.36341/klinikal_sains.v7i2.1035

Halisa, Siti Nur, Prehatin Trirahayu Ningrum, and Anita Dewi Moelyaningrum. 2022. “Analisis Pajanan Organofosfat Terhadap Kadar Kolinesterase Pada Petani Sayuran Kubis Di Desa Tanjung Rejo Kabupaten Jember.” Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Indonesia 21 (2): 144–51. https://doi.org/10.14710/jkli.21.2.144-151. DOI: https://doi.org/10.14710/jkli.21.2.144-151

Hardi, H, Muhammad Ikhtiar, and Alfina Baharuddin. 2023. “Hubungan Pemakaian Pestisida Terhadap Kadar Cholinesterase Darah Pada Petani Sayur Jenetallasa-Rumbia.” Ikesma- Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat 19 N0.2. https://jurnal.unej.ac.id/index.php/IKESMA/index.

Harismah, Kun. 2017. “PEMANFAATAN DAUN SALAM (Eugenia Polyantha) SEBAGAI OBAT HERBAL DAN REMPAH PENYEDAP MAKANAN.” Warta LPM 19 (2): 110–18. https://doi.org/10.23917/warta.v19i2.2742. DOI: https://doi.org/10.23917/warta.v19i2.2742

Irianti, Tanti Tatang, Suwijio Pramono, and Sugiyanto. 2022. No Title. Edited by Siti. Gadjah Mada University Press. https://books.google.co.id/books?id=hIFqEAAAQBAJ&pg=PR3&dq=Penuaan+Dan+Pencegahannya:+Proses+Faali+Biokimiawi+dan+Molekuler,+UGM+Press&hl=id&newbks=1&newbks_redir=0&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwib_4fWrO7_AhXu8zgGHdztCHIQ6AF6BAgJEAI#v=onepage&q=Penuaan Dan Pencegahanny.

JUMAIDA, WIDI. 2013. “ANALISIS PERBEDAAN KADAR ENZIM CHOLINESTERASE ANTARA PETANI SAYUR DI KECAMATAN TOSARI DAN PETANI PADI DI KECAMATAN SUKOREJO KABUPATEN PASURUAN.” Surabaya: UNIVERSITAS AIRLANGGA. https://repository.unair.ac.id/23265/.

Kassebaum, Nicholas J, Megha Arora, Ryan M Barber, Zulfiqar A Bhutta, Jonathan Brown, Austin Carter, Daniel C Casey, Fiona J Charlson, Matthew M Coates, and Megan Coggeshall. 2016. “Global, Regional, and National Disability-Adjusted Life-Years (DALYs) for 315 Diseases and Injuries and Healthy Life Expectancy (HALE), 1990–2015: A Systematic Analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015.” The Lancet 388 (10053): 1603–58. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(16)31460-X

Keman Soedjajadi. 2020. Pengantar Toksikologi Lingkungan. Surabaya: Airlangga University Press. https://books.google.co.id/books?id=gvkIEAAAQBAJ&pg=PR3&dq=Toksikologi+Lingkungan.+Airlangga+University+Press;+2020&hl=id&newbks=1&newbks_redir=0&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwijqfHIhu7_AhURcmwGHUwvA8UQuwV6BAgFEAc#v=onepage&q=Toksikologi Lingkungan. Airlangga Universit.

Kemenkes, R I. 2017. “Tabel Komposisi Pangan Indonesia (TKPI).” Direktorat Jenderal Kesehatan Masyarakat Direktorat Gizi Masyarakat.

Lee, Kang Myoung, Sang-Yoo Park, Kyungsuk Lee, Sung-Soo Oh, and Sang Baek Ko. 2017. “Pesticide Metabolite and Oxidative Stress in Male Farmers Exposed to Pesticide.” Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine 29 (1): 5. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40557-017-0162-3. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s40557-017-0162-3

NURILLAH, G. K. 2020. “Hubungan Kadar Kolinesterase Terhadap Kadar Hemoglobin Pada Petani Terpapar Pestisida Organofosfat Dan Karbamat Di Kabupaten Jember.” Jember: Universitas Jember. https://repository.unej.ac.id/bitstream/handle/123456789/99293/Gita Khoirunnisa’ Nurillah - 162010101089.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y.

Nursalam. 2020. Metodologi Penelitian Ilmu Keperawatan. https://api.penerbitsalemba.com/book/books/08-0284/contents/fc506312-5e09-4027-a661-9ba646dced46.pdf.

Osang, Ais R. 2016. “Hubungan Antara Masa Kerja Dan Arah Angin Dengan Kadar Kolinesterase Darah Pada Petani Padi Pengguna Pestisida Di Desa Pangian Tengah Kecamatan Passi Timur Kabupaten Bolaang Mongondow.” Pharmacon Jurnal Ilmiah Farmasi UNSRAT Vol.5 N0.2. https://doi.org/10.35799/pha.5.2016.12183.

setiati, siti. 2014. Buku Ajar Ilmu Penyakit Dalam. VI. Jakarta: Interna Publishing. https://lib.unikom.ac.id/opac/detail/0-18394/BUKU Ajar Ilmu Penyakit Dalam.

Sujarwadi, Mokh, Ida Zuhroidah, and Mukhammad Toha. 2021. “Kedisiplinan Pemakaian Alat Pelindung Diri Dengan Kejadian Vulnus Appertum.” Jurnal Ilmu Keperawatan Jiwa 4 (4): 715–24.

Titaley, Samuel. 2021. “Kadar Cholinesterase Dalam Darah Petani Di Dusun Taeno, Kecamatan Teluk Ambon, Kota Ambon.” 2-TRIK: TUNAS-TUNAS RISET KESEHATAN Vol.11 (3). https://doi.org/10.33846/2trik11304.

Tutu, Christien Gloria, Aaltje Ellen Manapiring, and Adrian Umboh. 2020. “Faktor-Faktor Yang Berhubungan Dengan Aktivitas Enzim Cholinesterase Darah Pada Petani Penyemprot Pestisida.” Indonesian Journal of Public Health and Community Medicine V0.1 N0.4. https://doi.org/10.35801/ijphcm.1.4.2020.31545.

Published
2023-11-30
How to Cite
Toha, M., Zuhroidah, I., & Sujarwadi, M. (2023). THE EFFECT OF BAY LEAF GARLIC DECOCTIONON ON LOW CHOLINESTERASE LEVELS DUE TO PESTICIDE EXPOSURE IN FARMERS IN PASURUAN . Nurse and Health: Jurnal Keperawatan, 12(2), 195-203. https://doi.org/10.36720/nhjk.v12i2.563
Section
Original Research Article
Abstract viewed = 88 times
PDF downloaded = 34 times iThenticate Result downloaded = 4 times