THE EFFECTIVENESS OF DIETS PROGRAM FOR PREECLAMPSIA ON BLOOD PRESSURE CONTROL AMONG PREGNANT WOMEN IN SOUTH TANGERANG
AbstractBackground: Preeclampsia is one of three causes of death for pregnant women, contributed to about 27% of maternal mortality in Indonesia. One of intervention that can be made for pregnant women to handling preeclampsia is diet for preeclampsia. Objectives: The purpose this study was to investigate the effectiveness of diets program for preeclampsia on decreasing blood pressure in pregnant women. Methods: A pre-experimental design with one group pretest – posttest was carried out. Population was all pregnant women who experience preeclampsia in Public Health Center in Ciputat South Tangerang. Twenty pregnant women who met criteria and completed the intervention were included in this study by using purposive sampling. Researcher explained the program diet and participants received program diets for preeclampsia in the form of a food list table, and fill in a table of food they consumed every day. Sphygmomanometer to measure blood pressure was used. Data collection with measure blood pressure was performed three times, before intervention, two weeks after diet program and one month after diet program. Repeated Measures ANOVA was applied to analysis with α = 0.05. Results: The mean scores of Systolic blood pressure was 147.06; 143.81; 140.38 in first, second and third collection, respectively. Systolic blood pressure in pregnant women with preeclampsia significantly decreased within two weeks after intervention (F = 31.30; p-value = 0.0001; Eta Squared= 0.676). The mean score of diastolic blood pressure was 102.31, 99.00 and 91.56 respectively. Diastolic blood pressure within two weeks after intervention decreased (F= 19.05; p-value= 0.0001; Eta Squared= 0.560). Conclusion: Diets Programs for Preeclampsia could decrease both systole and diastole blood pressure. The recommendation for pregnant women who have Preeclampsia is to manage preeclampsia diets regularly. Keywords: Blood pressure, diets program, preeclampsia, pregnant.
Copyright (c) 2021 Aanisah Zahran, Irma Nurbaeti
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