THE EFFECT OF ISOMETRIC EXERCISE ON BLOOD PRESSURE REDUCTION IN HYPERTENSION: A LITERATURE REVIEW
AbstractBackground: Hypertension is a major factor contributing to cardiovascular disease, which is the number one cause of death globally. Basic Health Research Indonesian Ministry of Health data for 2018 showed that hypertension in East Java Province increased in 2018 by 36.32. So, the authors want to know the effect of isometrics on reducing blood pressure. Objective: The authors want to know the effect of isometrics on reducing blood pressure. Design: This study design is a systematic review to search and review article from database and the theory underlying this study or guidance in this systematic literature review using PRISMA. Data Sources: Based on the results of the literature search through six databases, such as EBSCO, Springer, MedPub, Elsevier, Science Direct, and National Nursing Journal with keywords: Hypertension, High Blood Pressure, Resting Blood Pressure, Isometric Training, Isometric Exercise. The data was search since June 2020. Review Methods: The method used in the preparation of the Literature review using the PRISMA checklist and PICOS. Secondary data obtained from the journal with a predetermined discussion. Results: Based on 18 articles in the literature review, it can be concluded that the results for the research is Isometric exercises that are performed are very effective in reducing blood pressure. Conclusion: Isometric exercises that are performed are very effective in reducing blood pressure. The exercise is doing in 3-4 weeks with 4x2 minutes of exercise with a rest duration of 3 minutes.
Arum, Y. T. G. 2019. Hipertensi pada penduduk usia produktif (15-64 tahun). HIGEIA (Journal of Public Health Research and Development). 3(3):345–356.
Badrov, M. B., S. R. Freeman, M. A. Zokvic, P. J. Millar, dan C. L. McGowan. 2016. Isometric exercise training lowers resting blood pressure and improves local brachial artery flow-mediated dilation equally in men and women. European Journal of Applied Physiology. 116(7):1289–1296.
Beazley, D. dan B. K. Jones. 2013. 済無No title no title. Python Cookbook. 2:706.
Cahu Rodrigues, S. L., B. Q. Farah, G. Silva, M. Correia, R. Pedrosa, L. Vianna, dan R. M. Ritti-Dias. 2020. Vascular effects of isometric handgrip training in hypertensives. Clinical and Experimental Hypertension. 42(1):24–30.
Carlson, D. J., J. Inder, S. K. A. Palanisamy, J. R. McFarlane, G. Dieberg, dan N. A. Smart. 2016. The efficacy of isometric resistance training utilizing handgrip exercise for blood pressure management: a randomized trial. Medicine (United States). 95(52)
Gill, K. F., S. T. Arthur, I. Swaine, G. R. Devereux, Y. M. Huet, E. Wikstrom, M. L. Cordova, dan R. Howden. 2015. Intensity-dependent reductions in resting blood pressure following short-term isometric exercise training. Journal of Sports Sciences. 33(6):616–621.
Hooi, L. B., K. Berhanuddin, T. E. Wah, N. Van Bac, dan P. T. A. Khoa. 2020. A new isometric exercise training induced reductions of resting blood pressure in hypertensive patients- an exploratory study. International Journal of Psychosocial Rehabilitation. 24(4):50–64.
Javidi, M., H. Argani, dan S. Ahmadizad. 2019. Hemodynamic responses to different isometric handgrip protocols in hypertensive men. Science and Sports. 34(4):e251–e257.
Jin, Y. Z., S. Yan, dan W. X. Yuan. 2017. Effect of isometric handgrip training on resting blood pressure in adults: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness. 57(1–2):154–160.
Jørgensen, M. G., J. Ryg, M. B. Danielsen, P. Madeleine, dan S. Andersen. 2018. Twenty weeks of isometric handgrip home training to lower blood pressure in hypertensive older adults: a study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Trials. 19(1):1–7.
Koike, Y., T. Kawabe, K. Nishihara, N. Iwane, dan T. Hano. 2015. Cilnidipine but not amlodipine suppresses sympathetic activation elicited by isometric exercise in hypertensive patients. Clinical and Experimental Hypertension. 37(7):531–535.
Lee, H.-Y., J. Shin, G.-H. Kim, S. Park, S.-H. Ihm, H. C. Kim, K. Kim, J. H. Kim, J. H. Lee, J.-M. Park, W. B. Pyun, dan S. C. Chae. 2019. 2018 korean society of hypertension guidelines for the management of hypertension: part ii-diagnosis and treatment of hypertension. Clinical Hypertension. 25(1):1–24.
Morrin, N. M., M. R. Stone, I. L. Swaine, dan K. J. Henderson. 2018. The use of the cr-10 scale to allow self-regulation of isometric exercise intensity in pre-hypertensive and hypertensive participants. European Journal of Applied Physiology. 118(2):339–347.
NagiyaParamita, M. Hartoyo, dan U. Nurullita. 2017. PENGARUH step up exercise dan isometric handgrip exercise terhadap tekanan darah pada pasien hipertensi di puskesmas batang i kabupaten batang nagiyaparamitha *) , mugi hartoyo **) , ulfa nurullita ***). Pengaruh Step Up Exercise Dan Isometric Handgrip Exercise Terhadap Tekanan Darah Pada Pasien Hipertensi Di Puskesmas Batang I Kabupaten Batang
Pagonas, N., S. Vlatsas, F. Bauer, F. S. Seibert, W. Zidek, N. Babel, P. Schlattmann, dan T. H. Westhoff. 2017. Aerobic versus isometric handgrip exercise in hypertension: a randomized controlled trial. Journal of Hypertension. 35(11):2199–2206.
Parlindungan, T. dan A. Lukitasari. 2016. Latihan isometrik bermanfaat menurunkan tekanan darah pada penderita hipertensi helpful isometric exercise lowers blood pressure in patients hypertension. Jurnal Ilmu Keperawatan. 4:1.
Planning, D., P. Pasien, dan P. Jantung. 2017. Jurnal keperawatan muhammadiyah 2(2) 2017. 2(2):68–73.
Sefia Nurindra, M. Y., R. B.Herman, dan Y. Yenita. 2016. Perbandingan tekanan darah sebelum dan sewaktu melakukan handgrip isometric exercise pada mahasiswa angkatan 2011 fakultas kedokteran universitas andalas. Jurnal Kesehatan Andalas. 5(2):443–447.
Vt, A., S. Jyothi, dan L. Bn. 2019. Effect of isometric exercise on cardiovascular changes in normotensive healthy adults with or without parental history of hypertension. 4(1):675–677.
Yamagata, T. dan T. Sako. 2020. High cardiovascular reactivity and muscle strength attenuate hypotensive effects of isometric handgrip training in young women: a randomized controlled trial. Clinical and Experimental Hypertension. 00(00):1–6.
Copyright (c) 2021 Arista Maisyaroh, Devi Aulia Putri, Achlish Abdillah, Eko Prasetya Widianto
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with Nurse and Health: Jurnal Keperawatan agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 (CC BY-NC 4.0), which allows others to remix, tweak, and build upon the authors' work non-commercially, and although the others' new works must also acknowledge the authors and be non-commercial, they don't have to license their derivative works on the same terms.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access). Authors can archive pre-print and post-print or publisher's version/PDF.