THE INFLUENCE OF VIDEO MEDIA ON THE PREPARAEDNESS IN FACING FLOOD DISASTERS IN ELEMENTARY SCHOOL IN BENGKULU CITY

Ida Rahmawati, Vike Pebri Giena, Neni Triana, Buyung Keraman, Nur Haadiy

Abstract


Background

Flood disasters can cause material losses and fatalities, especially in the city of Bengkulu. Disaster preparedness is needed from an early age in order to reduce the impact of disaster risk. Elementary school students are still had lack of knowledge about preparedness in dealing with floods, in general. Bengkulu Elementary School (SDN) 103 is one of the schools affected by flooding when the River Basin (DAS) is unable to accommodate river water discharge.

Objective

The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of video media on student preparedness in dealing with floods in Bengkulu City.

Methods

The study design used a Pre Experiment with One Group Pretest-Posttest design. The population in this study were all fifth grade children in SDN 103 Bengkulu City. The total sampling technique was used in this study. The data were collected by using primary data taken from the results of a questionnaire filled out by respondents. T-test was used as statistical test.

Result

The results of the study were obtained (1) from 27 students before being given video media, namely 14 students in the very ready category (51.9%) and 13 students in the ready category (48.1%); (2) after being given video media, there were 20 (74.1%) category students were very prepared and 7 students were prepared categories (25.9%) (3) Paired sample t-test analysis showed p-value of 0.008 <0.05. There is influence of video media on preparedness in facing flood disaster at SDN 103 Bengkulu City in 2019.

Conclusion

The importance of early education about disaster is expected to reduce the impact of disasters, especially flood disasters in risk areas. It is expected that schools will be able to include curriculum and training for their students on disaster preparedness training.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Ali, M. (2010). Guru Dalam Proses Belajar Mengajar. Bandung: Sinar Baru Algensindo.

Anonim, Undang-undang nomor 24 tahun 2007 tentang penanggulangan bencana

Arsyad, Azhar. (2009). Media Pembelajaran.Jakarta : PT. Rajagrafindo persada.

Astini, Putu, S, N, dkk. (2018). Edukasi Dengan Metode School Watching Meningkatkan Kesiapsiagaan Siswa Dalam Menghadapi Bencana. http://ejournal.poltekkes-denpasar.ac.id/indekx.php/JGK/article/view/265.

Azwar, S. (2011). Sikap dan Prilaku Dalam: Sikap Manusia Teori dan Pengukurannya 2ed. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Bengkulu express. (10 Mei 2017). Bengkulu rawan bencana potensi bencana banyak dipemukiman penduduk. Accessed on Desember 28, 2018 from https://bengkuluekspress.com/bengkulu-rawan-bencana-potensi-bencana-banyak-di-pemukiman-penduduk/

BNPB. (2012). Buku Saku, Tanggap Tangkas Tangguh Menghadapi Bencana. Accessed on Desember 28, 2018 from https://bnpb.go.id/uploads/migration/pubs/478.pdf

BNPB. (2017) Buku pedoman latihan kesiapsiagaan bencana, membangun kesadaran, kewaspadaan dan kesiapsiagaan dalam menghadapi bencana. Accessed on Desember 28, 2018 from https://siaga.bnpb.go.id/hkb/po-content/uploads/documents/buku_panduan_latihan_kesiapsiagaan_bencana_revisi_april_2017.pdf.

Centre for Research and Epidemology on Disaster (CRED), (2015). The Human Cost of Natural Disasters 2015: A Global Perspective. Retrieved from https://reliefweb.int/report/world/human-cost-natural-disasters-2015-global-perspective.

Deny Hidayat, dkk. (2006). Kajian Kesiapsiagaan Masyarakat Dalam Mengantisipasi Bencana Gempa Bumi dan Tsunami. Jakarta: LIPI Press.

Djafar, M. I., Mantu, F. N., & Patellongi, I. J. (2013). Pengaruh Tentang Kesiapsiagaan Bencana Banjir Terhadap Pengetahuan dan Sikap Kepala Keluarga di Desa Romang Tangaya Kelurahan Tamangapa Kecamata Manggala Kota Makassar. Laporan Penelitian. Makassar.

Fitriyadi dan Mandani. (2015) System Performance Bengkulu River Flood Control Pump. ISSN 0215-1251 Jurnal Teknik Sumber Daya Air Vol. 1.

Gregg, C. E., Houghton, B. F., Johnston, D. M., Paton, D., & Swanson, D. A. (2004). The perception of volcanic risk in Kona communities from Mauna Loa and Hualālai volcanoes, Hawai‵ i. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 130(3-4), 179-196.

Irfan, A., dkk. (2016). Perbedaan Media Audio Visual dan bukan Audio Visual terhadap Motivasi dan Hasil Belajar IPS Siswa Kelas IV. Wahana Sekolah Dasar (Kajian Teori dan Praktek Pendidikan), (Online), 24 (1): 1-8, (http://journal.um.ac.id/index.php/jwsd/article/view/7983). Accessed 20 Juni 2019.

LIPI-UNESCO/ISDR, (2006). Kajian Kesiapsiagaan Masyarakat Dalam Mengatasi Bencana Gempa Bumi dan Tsunami. Jakarta.

LIPI, (2010). Sekolah Siaga Bencana: Pembelajaran dari Kota Bengkulu/Deny Hidayati, Widayatun, dan Triyono. Jakarta.

Mudavanhu, C. (2014). The impact of flood disasters on child education in Muzarabani District, Zimbabwe. Jàmbá: Journal of Disaster Risk Studies, 6(1), 1-8.

Notoatmodjo, Soekidjo. (2003). Pendidikan dan Prilaku Kesehatan. Rineka Cipta. Jakarta.

Nursalam & Effendi, F. (2018) Pendidikan Dalam Keperawatan. Jakarta: Salmeba Medika.

Owolabi TOS, Ekechi CO (2014). Communacation as Critical Factor in Disaster Management and Sustainable Development in Nigeria. http://www.eajournals.org/. Accessed on September 2, 2019 at 09.00 pm).

Paramesti, C. A. (2011). Kesiapsiagaan masyarakat kawasan Teluk Pelabuhan Ratu terhadap bencana gempa bumi dan tsunami. Journal of Regional and City Planning, 22(2), 113-128.

Profil Kesehatan Provinsi Bengkulu Tahun 2015.

Rosyidie, A. (2013). Banjir: fakta dan dampaknya, serta pengaruh dari perubahan guna lahan. Journal of Regional and City Planning, 24(3), 241-249.

Sutton, j., and Tierney, K. (2006). Disaster Preparedness: Concepts, Guidance and Research. University of Colorado. Colorado.

Suhardjo, D. (2011). Arti Penting Pendidikan Mitigasi Bencana Dalam Mengurangi Resiko Bencana. Cakrawala Pendidikan, Juni, Th. XXX, 2.

Sulistyaningrum, F. (2017). Pengaruh Penggunaan Media Video Animasi “Siaga Bencana Gunung Berapi” Terhadap Kesiapsiagaan Siswa. E-Jurnal Skripsi Program Studi Teknologi Pendidikan, 6(7), 631-639.

Supriyadi. (2013). Strategi Belajar dan Mengajar. Yogyakarta: Indonesia Dua Satria Offset.

Takao, K., Motoyoshi, T., Sato, T., Fukuzondo, T., Seo, K., & Ikeda, S. (2004). Factors determining residents’ preparedness for floods in modern megalopolises: the case of the Tokai flood disaster in Japan. Journal of Risk Research, 7(7-8), 775-787.

Wang, J., & Yuan, H. (2011). Factors affecting contractors’ risk attitudes in construction projects: Case study from China. International Journal of Project Management, 29(2), 209-219.

Wulandari, F. (2019). Analisis Kesiapsiagaan Siswa dalam Menghadapi Bencana Kekeringan melalui Media Booklet. Tarbawi: Jurnal Ilmu Pendidikan, 15(1), 65-74.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.36720/nhjk.v9i1.138

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 36 times
PDF - 7 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Statistic Counter

 

StatCounter


Certificate of Accreditation


Indexed In:

        

        

           

     

 

Copyright © 2017-2020 Community Service and Research of Kerta Cendekia Nursing Academy | ISSN Online 2623-2448 | ISSN Print 2088-9909 licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License